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Chapter 1 About this Manual

Chapter 2 Booting Defaults

Chapter 3 Booting-Address Discovery

Summary of Address Discovery Protocols
Changing the Order of Network Information Requests
Using BOOTP/DHCP for Address Discovery
Making Sure that BOOTP Is Enabled
Adding Options for NCD Terminals to the bootptab File
bootptab Format and Options
Adding Terminal Entries to the bootptab File
Configuring the Gateway Device and Terminal for Booting through a Gateway
Using RARP for Address Discovery
Storing Addresses in NVRAM
Setting the Broadcast Address
Configuring Subnet Mask Discovery
Using ICMP to Discover the Subnet Mask
Setting the Subnet Mask in NVRAM
Communicating with Multi-Homed Hosts
Using a Reverse Name Request

Chapter 4 Booting-X Server Loading

Configuring the Default X Server Loading Sequence
Disabling Automatic Booting
Disabling Broadcast Requests for an X Server
Disabling the MOP Request for an X Server
Disabling Selected TFTP or NFS Requests for an X Server
Specifying a Non-Standard X Server Filename
Specifying a Non-Standard X Server Directory
Keeping the Terminal from Entering the Boot Monitor at Boot Time
Configuring the Sequence of X Server Loading Methods
Configuring X Server Module Loading
Changing X Server Module Load Policy
Changing the X Server Module Location
Using TFTP for X Server Downloading
Making Sure TFTP is Enabled
Specifying a Custom X Server Directory
Using NFS for X Server Downloading
Making Sure NFS is Available
Specifying the Directory to Search for an X Server
Linking X Server Files
Specifying Boot Hosts
Specifying the Initial Boot Host
Specifying Backup Boot Hosts
Booting Manually from the Boot Monitor
Manual Boot from a PCMCIA Card
Manual Boot Using TFTP or NFS

Chapter 5 Configuring Network Services

Which Network Services Are Used by NCD Terminals
Summary of Network Service Defaults and Alternatives
Configuring the ARP Cache (Resolved Addresses)
Using a Name Service
Making Sure a Name Service is Running on the Local Network
Making Sure the Terminal Uses the Name Service
Selecting the Name Service Protocol
Specifying Name Server Hosts
Specifying the Default Domain Suffix for DNS
Configuring the Name Translation Table (Local Name Cache)
Setting the Name Cache Entry Lifetime
Setting the Name Cache Size
Setting Name Service Timeouts
Discovering the Terminal's Hostname when Booting (Reverse Name Request)
Configuring How a Terminal Accesses Files
Configuring the Initial File Servers
Configuring the File Service Table
Configuring the Matching Method
Configuring File Access through TFTP
Secure versus Non-Secure TFTP
Make Sure TFTP Is Enabled on the Host
Configuring File Access through NFS
Configuring the Host for NFS File Access
Setting User and Group IDs for NFS File Access
Setting the Unmount Timer for NFS File Access
Changing the Timeout for Failed File Servers
Issuing Extended File Service Diagnostic Messages
Configuring Routing (Accessing Remote Networks)
Specifying Default Gateways
The IP Routing Table
Finding Routes to Hosts through Proxy ARP
Discovering Neighboring Gateways through Router Discovery
Setting TCP Performance Parameters
Adjusting the TCP Send and Receive Buffers
Specifying the TCP Timeout
Specifying TCP Maximum Retransmissions
Specifying the TCP Linger Time
Allowing Larger Segment Sizes

Chapter 6 Terminal Configuration Methods

Configuration Methods Overview
Configuration Daemons
Configuration Parameters
Configuration Language
Default Configuration Values
Configuration Methods
Access Control for Terminal Configuration Data
Parameter Types and Groups
Read/write, Read-only, and Write-only Parameters
Parameter Groups
The Configuration Language
Configuration Language Summary
Assigning Values to Configuration Parameters
Simple Assignment Statements
Tables and Rows
Types of Values
Syntax Rules
Assigning Parameters More than Once
Listing Commands in Order
Saving Parameters in NVRAM
Creating Remote Configuration Files
Using the Sample Configuration File
Configuration File Size
Creating a File from the Setup Clients
Nesting Configuration Files
Including the User's Settings in Remote Configuration Files
Specifying Hosts for Loading Configuration Files
Enabling Persistent Loading of the Configuration File
Using Optional Names for Configuration Files
Suggested Uses for Configuration Filenames
Disabling Specific Configuration File Download Attempts
Specifying a Different Configuration File Directory
Disabling All Remote Configuration File Downloads
Specifying the File for Loading Configuration Defaults
Changing the Ports for Accessing Configuration Daemons
Changing Ports for Access to All Configuration Data
Changing Ports for Access to User Preferences Data Only
Setting Up Host-Based Access Control for Configuration Data
Allowing Access from Specified Hosts
Preventing All Remote Access to the Terminal's Configuration Data
Protecting Configuration Parameters
Using the protect Command
Using the get-protect Command
Using the set-protect Command
Removing Parameter Protection
Disabling the Configuration Utilities or the Console
Configuring the Apply Command
Protocols for Auto-Save
Configuring Auto-Save to NVRAM
Configuring Auto-Save to a File
Disabling Auto-Save
Changing the Name of the Auto-Save File
Specifying the Data to Save

Chapter 7 Bitmap Fonts and the Font Server

Font Use Overview
Font Access Sequence
Font Names
Wildcards in Font Names
Bitmap and Outline Font Naming
Specifying Fonts for Clients
Obtaining Fonts
Font Download Methods
Considerations in Using Downloaded Fonts
Problems with Client Font Requests
The Font Path
Font Formats
Font Directories and Files
Font Directories
Font Files
Font Management Files
NCD Font Management Utilities
Built-In Fonts Summary
Alternative Methods of Changing the Current Font Path
Changing the Current Font Path-Using TELNET
Changing the Current Font Path-Using the xset Client
Setting the Default Font
Changing the Size of the Font Cache
Renaming the Font Management Files
Specifying Font Path Aliases
Displaying and Logging Font Diagnostic Messages
Getting Font Information
Viewing the Font Path-xset
Listing the Available Fonts-xlsfonts
Displaying the Characters in a Font-xfd
Displaying Samples of a Font and XLFD Names-xfontsel
Font Server Issues
How the Font Server Accesses Fonts
Usable Font Formats with a Font Server
Font Server Configuration Issues
Network Considerations
Host Considerations
Default Font Specifications
Error Logging
Example NCD Font Server Configuration File
Configuring Font Server Timeouts
Getting Information about the Font Server
Getting Information about Fonts from the Font Server
Displaying Font Server Fonts

Chapter 8 Login and X Session Management

XDM Default Actions
XDM Overview
Components of XDM
XDMCP Queries and Host Responses
XDM and the DISPLAY Variable
The NCD Login Chooser
The NCD Display Manager
Configuring XDM Hosts
Installing the XDM Binary File
Installing XDM Configuration Files
Configuring the System-Wide XDM Session Management File
The Default Xsession File
Example Xsession File for the Local NCD Window Manager
Sample Xsession File for OpenWindows
Individual XDM Session Management Files
Configuring the XDM Xaccess File
Contents of an Xaccess File Entry
Types of Xaccess File Entries
Direct and Broadcast Entries in the Xaccess File
Indirect Entries in the Xaccess File
Configuring the xdm-config File
Configuring the Polling Interval
Configuring the Version of xrdb to Use
Configuring the XDM Xresources File
The XDM Error Logging File
Starting XDM Manually
XDM Access Control
If XDM Cannot Write to a User's Home Directory
Configuring Terminals for XDM
Configuring the Login Chooser Redisplay
Configuring the Terminal's Action when XDM Terminates
Configuring XDM Keepalives
Using XDM-X11R3 Version

Chapter 9 Using Configuration Menus

Using Change Quick Setup
Components of the Change Quick Setup Window
Contents of the Change Quick Setup Hide Boxes
Booting Parameters
Files Parameters
Fonts Parameters
Licenses Parameters
Network Parameters
Session Parameters
Using Change Setup Parameters
Components of the Change Setup Parameters Window
Contents of the Change Setup Parameters Hide Boxes
Access Control Parameters
ARP Parameters
Booting Parameters
Browser Parameters
Commands and Startup Parameters
Configuration Parameters
Diagnostics Parameters
Display PostScript Parameters
File Manager Parameters
File Service Parameters
Fonts Parameters
Input Devices Parameters
IP Parameters
Java Parameters
LAT Parameters
Licenses Parameters
Loadable Modules Parameters
Login Parameters
NCDnet Parameters
NCDnet Name Service Parameters
Network Interfaces Parameters
Parallel Parameters
PEX Parameters
PEX Color Parameters
PPP and SLIP Parameters
Serial Parameters
TCP Parameters
TCP/IP Name Service Parameters
Time Parameters
Unit Parameters
Video Parameters
VT320 Terminal Emulation Parameters
WinCenter Parameters
X and Graphics Parameters
XRemote Parameters
3270 Terminal Emulation Parameters
Using Change User Preferences
Components of the Change User Preferences Window
Components of the Change User Preferences Hide Boxes
Audio Preferences
Bell Preferences
Compatibility Preferences
Console and Utilities Preferences
Environment Variables Preferences
Font Preferences
Keyboard Preferences
OpenGL Preferences
PEX Preferences
Pointing Devices Preferences
Power Management Preferences
Screen Background Preferences
Screen Saver Preferences
X, SIE, and Graphics Preferences

Chapter 10 Statistics Menus

Accessing Statistical Parameters
Components of the Show Statistics Window
Contents of the Statistics Hide Boxes
Ethernet Statistics
Font Usage Statistics
ICMP Statistics
IP Statistics
Loadable Modules Statistics
NCDnet Statistics
NCDnet Name Service Statistics
Network Buffers Statistics
Network Interfaces Statistics
NFS Statistics
Parallel Daemon Statistics
Serial Statistics
Serial Daemons Statistics
SNMP Statistics
TCP Statistics
TCP/IP Name Service Statistics
TFTP Statistics
Token-Ring Statistics
UDP Statistics
Unit Statistics
Wireless LAN Statistics
XRemote Statistics

Chapter 11 Boot Monitor and NVRAM

Boot Monitor Versions
Boot Monitor Functions
Automatic Boot Monitor Functions
Self Tests and Commands for Testing
Keyboard Controller and Supported Keyboards
Address Discovery
X Server Downloading
Display Blanking
Interactive Boot Monitor Functions
Using Boot Monitor Commands
Starting the Boot Monitor Utility
Issuing Commands to the Boot Monitor
Updating the Boot Monitor on Explora Terminals
Using Boot Monitor Setup Menus to Configure Terminals
Starting Boot Monitor Setup
Navigating in Boot Monitor Setup
Setting the Keyboard Type
Setting Monitor Resolution and Dots Per Inch
The Monitor Resolution Window
The Dots Per Inch Window
Setting Network Parameters
Setting Booting Parameters
Finishing the Boot Monitor Setup Session
Programming Navigation Keys for Boot Monitor Setup Menus
Using the NVRAM Utility to Configure Terminals
Starting the NVRAM Utility
NVRAM Utility Commands
Sample NVRAM Utility Sessions
Changing Contents Byte by Byte
Changing Individual Bits in a Byte
NVRAM Contents
Keyboard Type Settings
Parameters Saved in the Tagged Strings Area
Remote Configuration Parameters Saved in NVRAM
boot Group Parameters
config Group Parameters
file Group Parameters
ip Group Parameters
login Group Parameters
ncdnet Group Parameters
net Group Parameters
serial Group Parameters
snmp Group Parameters
tcpip Group Parameters
unit Group Parameters
xserver Group Parameters

Chapter 12 Configuring the NCD Terminal Emulator

Other Sources of Information on the Terminal Emulator
Configuring Local Services in the Terminal Host Chooser
Configuring a Terminal for Serial Terminal Emulation
Configuring Key Translations
Configuring the Terminal Emulator Window and Menus
Terminal Emulator Fonts
Terminal Emulator Scroll Bars
Terminal Emulator Menus
The File Menu
The Options Menu
The Fonts Menu
The Cursors Menu
The Keys Menu
Selecting in the Window
Configuring the Window Disconnect Delay
Configuring the Answer-Back Message
Using VT320 Terminal Emulator Escape Sequences
Configuring the Status Line
Programming Function Keys on N-108LK Keyboards
Configuring Window and Icon Titles
Configuring Color Text
Using Keyboard Escape Sequences
N-101/N-102 Keyboard Escape Sequences
N-108LK (VT220-Style) Keyboard Escape Sequences
N-97/N-Kana Keyboard Escape Sequences
Using Compose Key Sequences
Support for Dead Keys
Typing Compose Sequences
Compose Sequence Table
VT320 Character Coding Conventions
Character Sets
Character Code Tables

Chapter 13 Configuring Display PostScript

DPS Overview
DPS Requirements
Using DPS Support Files
The PostScript Resource File
Sections in the PostScript Resource File
Creating or Updating the PostScript Resource File
The Virtual Memory File
The Color-Rendering File
The Context Initialization File
Adobe Fonts for DPS
Configuring the DPS Resource Path
Configuring DPS Font Access by X Clients
Freeing the DPS Cache
Troubleshooting DPS
If the DPS Extension Fails to Start
File Service Problems
DPS Applications on Solaris Systems
Running AnswerBook
Running ImageTool
Running PageView

Chapter 14 Configuring PEX

PEX Overview
The PEX X Server Module
PEX Fonts
PEX Requirements
Setting PEX Configuration Parameters
Setting the Parameters Listed in Change Setup Parameters
PEX Color Parameters
Setting the Parameters Listed in Change User Preferences
Specifying the Nominal Line Width
Specifying the Nominal Edge Width
Specifying the Nominal Marker Size
Specifying Surface Dithering
Specifying Surface Interior Style, Shading, and Lighting
Specifying the Color Clipping Method
Specifying the Input Device for PEX
Troubleshooting PEX
If the PEX Client Does Not Run
If the PEX Client Looks Different

Chapter 15 Configuring Serial and Parallel Ports

Ports Overview
Serial Ports
Parallel Port
Configuring Port Operating Characteristics
Identifying Serial Port Numbers
Specifying Physical Serial Port Attributes
Specifying Serial Port Software Characteristics
Configuring the Parallel Port
Configuring a Terminal for Use as a System Console
Controlling Access to Serial and Parallel Ports

Chapter 16 Using SNMP for Terminal Management

SNMP Overview
SNMP Components
How SNMP Works
MIB Contents
SNMP Host Requirements
Controlling Access to Terminals through SNMP
Configuring Read/Write Access
Configuring Read-Only Access
Configuring Terminals to Allow Trap Monitoring
Using SNMP to Read and Write Variables
Reading a Terminal's SNMP Variables
Using SNMP Management Software
Using the ncdquery Utility
Writing SNMP Variables-Configuring Terminals
Using SNMP Remote Reset/Reboot
Configuring a Host for SNMP Remote Reset
Configuring a Terminal for SNMP Remote Reset
Resetting Session and Rebooting Terminals
Using the ncdreset Utility for Remote Reset
Using unit-administrative-status for SNMP Remote Reset

Chapter 17 Keyboards and Downloadable Keyboard Definitions

Specifying the Keyboard Type
N-97 Keyboard Details
N-101 Keyboard Details
VT220-Compatible and N-108 Keyboard Details
VT220-Compatible Keyboard
N-108 Keyboard
N-107 Sun Type 4-Compatible Keyboard Details
N-123 Sun Type 5-Compatible Keyboard Details
Using Downloadable Keyboard Description Files
Creating a Keyboard Definition File
Specifying Dead-Key Processing

Chapter 18 X Server Messages

Messages and Modules Overview
The Format of Messages
Displaying Messages
Viewing Messages in the Console Window
Viewing Messages through TELNET
Logging Messages to a File
Configuring Message Logging
Configuring Message Time Stamps
Changing the Message Buffer Size
Enabling Extended Diagnostics
Messages Common to All Modules
CONFIGD Messages
CONFUI Messages
CONSOLE Messages
DESKTOP Messages
DHCP Messages
DIAGD Messages
DOS Messages
DTR Messages
EXECD Messages
FILED Messages
FONT Messages
IPROUTE Messages
JAVA Messages
KBM Messages
LICENSE Messages
LOADB Messages
LOGIN Messages
MIRRORD Messages
MWM Messages
NCD Mosaic Browser Messages
NCDDM Messages
NETD Messages
NETFILE Messages
NETSRV Messages
OPENGL Messages
PPPD Messages
RTLD Messages
SERIALD Messages
SIE Messages
SNMPD Messages
TERM Messages
UI Messages
WINCEN Messages
WM Messages
XREMOTE Messages
XSERVER Messages
XT Messages

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Copyright © 1997, NCD Inc. All rights reserved.